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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 549431
Title Disentangling the genetics of lean mass
Author(s) Karasik, David; Zillikens, M.C.; Hsu, Yi Hsiang; Aghdassi, Ali; Akesson, Kristina; Amin, Najaf; Barroso, Inês; Bennett, David A.; Bertram, Lars; Bochud, Murielle; Borecki, Ingrid B.; Broer, Linda; Buchman, Aron S.; Byberg, Liisa; Campbell, Harry; Campos-Obando, Natalia; Cauley, Jane A.; Cawthon, Peggy M.; Chambers, John C.; Chen, Zhao; Cho, Nam H.; Choi, Hyung Jin; Chou, Wen Chi; Cummings, Steven R.; Groot, Lisette C.P.G.M. De; Jager, Phillip L. De; Demuth, Ilja; Diatchenko, Luda; Econs, Michael J.; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Enneman, Anke W.; Eriksson, Joel; Eriksson, Johan G.; Estrada, Karol; Evans, Daniel S.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Fu, Mao; Gieger, Christian; Grallert, Harald; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Lenore, Launer J.; Hayward, Caroline; Hofman, Albert; Homuth, Georg; Huffman, Kim M.; Husted, Lise B.; Illig, Thomas; Ingelsson, Erik; Ittermann, Till; Jansson, John Olov; Johnson, Toby; Biffar, Reiner; Jordan, Joanne M.; Jula, Antti; Karlsson, Magnus; Khaw, Kay Tee; Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O.; Klopp, Norman; Kloth, Jacqueline S.L.; Koller, Daniel L.; Kooner, Jaspal S.; Kraus, William E.; Kritchevsky, Stephen; Kutalik, Zoltán; Kuulasmaa, Teemu; Kuusisto, Johanna; Laakso, Markku; Lahti, Jari; Lang, Thomas; Langdahl, Bente L.; Lerch, Markus M.; Lewis, Joshua R.; Lill, Christina; Lind, Lars; Lindgren, Cecilia; Liu, Yongmei; Livshits, Gregory; Ljunggren, Östen; Loos, Ruth J.F.; Lorentzon, Mattias; Luan, Jian An; Luben, Robert N.; Malkin, Ida; McGuigan, Fiona E.; Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Meitinger, Thomas; Melhus, Håkan; Mellström, Dan; Michaëlsson, Karl; Mitchell, Braxton D.; Morris, Andrew P.; Mosekilde, Leif; Nethander, Maria; Newman, Anne B.; Oconnell, Jeffery R.; Oostra, Ben A.; Orwoll, Eric S.; Palotie, Aarno; Peacock, Munro; Perola, Markus; Peters, Annette; Prince, Richard L.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Räikkönen, Katri; Ralston, Stuart H.; Ripatti, Samuli; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Robbins, John A.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rudan, Igor; Salomaa, Veikko; Satterfield, Suzanne; Schipf, Sabine; Shin, Chan Soo; Smith, Albert V.; Smith, Shad B.; Soranzo, Nicole; Spector, Timothy D.; StanÄ Áková, Alena; Stefansson, Kari; Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth; Stolk, Lisette; Streeten, Elizabeth A.; Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Swart, Karin M.A.; Thompson, Patricia; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Tikkanen, Emmi; Tranah, Gregory J.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Duijn, Cornelia M. Van; Schoor, Natasja M. Van; Vandenput, Liesbeth; Vollenweider, Peter; Völzke, Henry; Wactawski-Wende, Jean; Walker, Mark; J Wareham, Nicholas; Waterworth, Dawn; Weedon, Michael N.; Wichmann, H.E.; Widen, Elisabeth; Williams, Frances M.K.; Wilson, James F.; Wright, Nicole C.; Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M.; Yu, Lei; Zhang, Weihua; Zhao, Jing Hua; Zhou, Yanhua; Nielson, Carrie M.; Harris, Tamara B.; Demissie, Serkalem; Kiel, Douglas P.; Ohlsson, Claes
Source American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 109 (2019)2. - ISSN 0002-9165 - p. 276 - 278.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy272
Department(s) Nutritional Biology and Health
VLAG
Global Nutrition
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) body composition - body fat - meta-Analysis of genome-wide association studies - metabolic profile - skeletal muscle
Abstract

Background Lean body mass (LM) plays an important role in mobility and metabolic function. We previously identified five loci associated with LM adjusted for fat mass in kilograms. Such an adjustment may reduce the power to identify genetic signals having an association with both lean mass and fat mass. Objectives To determine the impact of different fat mass adjustments on genetic architecture of LM and identify additional LM loci. Methods We performed genome-wide association analyses for whole-body LM (20 cohorts of European ancestry with n = 38,292) measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) or bioelectrical impedance analysis, adjusted for sex, age, age 2, and height with or without fat mass adjustments (Model 1 no fat adjustment; Model 2 adjustment for fat mass as a percentage of body mass; Model 3 adjustment for fat mass in kilograms). Results Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in separate loci, including one novel LM locus (TNRC6B), were successfully replicated in an additional 47,227 individuals from 29 cohorts. Based on the strengths of the associations in Model 1 vs Model 3, we divided the LM loci into those with an effect on both lean mass and fat mass in the same direction and refer to those as "sumo wrestler" loci (FTO and MC4R). In contrast, loci with an impact specifically on LM were termed "body builder" loci (VCAN and ADAMTSL3). Using existing available genome-wide association study databases, LM increasing alleles of SNPs in sumo wrestler loci were associated with an adverse metabolic profile, whereas LM increasing alleles of SNPs in "body builder" loci were associated with metabolic protection. Conclusions In conclusion, we identified one novel LM locus (TNRC6B). Our results suggest that a genetically determined increase in lean mass might exert either harmful or protective effects on metabolic traits, depending on its relation to fat mass.

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