Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 549456
Title A positive deviant approach to understanding key factors of smallholder dairy development in Kenya
Author(s) Migose, S.A.; Boer, I.J.M. de; Bebe, B.O.; Oosting, S.J.
Source In: Trade-offs in Science - Keeping the Balance. - Wageningen University & Research - p. 23 - 23.
Event WIAS Science Day 2019, Lunteren, 2019-03-18/2019-03-18
Department(s) Animal Production Systems
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2019
Abstract Dairy development in Kenya is hampered by many constraints and farmers who succeed to overcome such constraints, when compared to their peers who cannot overcome the constraints, are the so-called positive deviants (PD). The objective of the present study was to identify strategies of PD farmers and factors underlying such strategies to overcome constraints to smallholder dairy development. We identified perceived PD and non-PD farmers in urban and rural locations and classified these farmers according to the economic performance of the dairy activity at their farms as being positive, average, and negative economic deviant. The main factors distinguishing perceived and economic positive deviants from their peers were scale (large herd size), intensity (high milk yield per cow) and cost control (achieving optimal production cost for maximal gross margin of dairy activities). The good performance of PD farms required good dairy husbandry regarding feeding, breeding and veterinary care which was facilitated by use of inputs (optimal quantity and high quality), milk marketing (channels with high price of milk), knowledge and skills (advanced education and experience), resource endowment (assets, livestock, and non-dairy income). Not all perceived PD were economic PD (two out of seven in UL and nine out of 13 in RL). Such perceived, but
not economic PDs were having large herds, but with low productivity since non-dairy production functions were important in these herds, e.g. the financial and insurance function or they had a good productivity but at a too high cost level to be economically PD. The results imply that interventions aimed at dairy development among smallholders should offer training of farmers and extension to farmers to enhance level of knowledge and skills for good dairy husbandry, cost control, and should target availability and quality of inputs, and milk marketing. Poor households, besides, require access to credit facilities.
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