|Title||On- and off-line evaluation of the single-layer urban canopy model in London summertime conditions|
|Author(s)||Tsiringakis, Aristofanis; Steeneveld, Gert Jan; Holtslag, Albert A.M.; Kotthaus, Simone; Grimmond, Sue|
|Source||Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society (2019). - ISSN 0035-9009|
Meteorology and Air Quality
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||boundary layer - land–atmosphere interactions - single-layer urban canopy model - surface energy balance - urban meteorology - Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model|
Urban canopy models are essential tools for forecasting weather and air quality in cities. However, they require many surface parameters, which are uncertain and can reduce model performance if inappropriately prescribed. Here, we evaluate the model sensitivity of the single-layer urban canopy model (SLUCM) in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to surface parameters in two different configurations, one coupled to the overlying atmosphere (on-line) in a 1D configuration and one without coupling (off-line). A two-day summertime period in London is used as a case study, with clear skies and low wind speeds. Our sensitivity tests indicate that the SLUCM reacts differently when coupled to the atmosphere. For certain surface parameters, atmospheric feedback effects can outweigh the variations caused by surface parameter settings. Hence, in order to fully understand the model sensitivity, atmospheric feedback should be considered.