Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 549822
Title Dealing with Too Little: The Direct Experience of Scarcity does not Affect Snack Intake
Author(s) Rongen, Sofie van; Verkooijen, Kirsten; Vet, Emely de
Source Applied Psychology : Health and Well-Being (2019). - ISSN 1758-0846
Department(s) Strategic Communication
Health and Society
Sociology of Consumption and Households
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Abstract Background: The experience of scarcity provides an explanation for the relatively unhealthy diets of people with low income. Causal evidence for an effect of direct experiences of scarcity on eating behaviour is lacking. Methods: Two studies (N = 81, N = 115) tested and refined a self‐developed trade‐off task, in which participants' resources were restricted (scarcity condition) or unrestricted (no‐scarcity condition), for manipulating experiences of scarcity. Two further studies (N = 95, N = 122) were performed to test whether scarcity results in greater calorie consumption from snacks and lower self‐reported self‐regulation of eating. Results: The scarcity manipulation appeared successful. A significant main effect of scarcity on eating was not found; however, an interaction effect between hunger and scarcity bordered on significance, such that those in the scarcity condition consumed more calories under low hunger. In the second experiment, participants were instructed to eat prior to participation to lower their hunger level. No difference between conditions was found in calorie consumption and self‐regulation of eating. Conclusion: Although the trade‐off task appeared to evoke scarcity experiences, the present research could not support the notion that these result in unhealthier eating. A more nuanced view of the influence of scarcity on eating is needed.
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