|Title||The effect of low pH on physiology, stress status and growth performance of turbot (Psetta maxima L.) cultured in recirculating aquaculture systems|
|Author(s)||Mota, Vasco C.; Hop, Jochem; Sampaio, Luís A.; Heinsbroek, Leon T.N.; Verdegem, Marc C.J.; Eding, Ep H.; Verreth, Johan A.J.|
|Source||Aquaculture Research 49 (2018)10. - ISSN 1355-557X - p. 3456 - 3467.|
Aquaculture and Fisheries
Animal Breeding & Genomics
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||aquaculture - fish - NH-N - nitrification - total ammonia nitrogen (TAN)|
We evaluated the effect of low pH and low and high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations on the physiology, stress status and the growth performance of turbot in RAS. Two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, turbot (466 g) were grown at control (pH 7.5; TAN ~0.5 mg/L) or low pH and high TAN (pH 5.7; TAN ~50 mg/L) for 55 days. In Experiment 2, turbot (376 g) were grown at control (pH 7.5; TAN ~0.5 mg/L), low pH and low TAN (pH 5.7; TAN ~5 mg/L) or low pH and high TAN (pH 5.7; TAN ~50 mg/L) for 59 days. In Experiment 1, final body weight, feed intake and growth were significantly lower and FCR significantly higher in turbot exposed to low pH and high TAN. In Experiment 2, only growth was significantly lower in turbot exposed to treatment low pH and high TAN as compared to fish in the control treatment and low pH and low TAN. Osmoregulation and stress indicators measured were within normal levels. In conclusion, turbot grew equally well in a water pH of 7.5 or 5.7 provided a low TAN. In contrast, low pH combined with a high TAN impaired turbot performance.