Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 550074
Title Passive dosing of organic substrates for nitrate-removing bioreactors applied in field margins
Author(s) Jansen, Stefan; Stuurman, Roelof; Chardon, Wim; Ball, Sheila; Rozemeijer, Joachim; Gerritse, Jan
Source Journal of Environmental Quality 48 (2019)2. - ISSN 0047-2425 - p. 394 - 402.
DOI https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2018.04.0165
Department(s) Sustainable Soil Use
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Abstract

Denitrifying bioreactors are dependent on organic matter supply as a substrate for effective NO 3 removal. In this study, the difference in removal efficiency and side effects when using different organic matter sources and dosing strategies was tested in two field experiments. The organic matter sources tested were woodchips and ethanol. The effect of woodchips was tested using woodchip-enveloped drains. Ethanol was supplied to a flow-through reactor by passive dosing by diffusion through silicone tubing. The woodchip-enveloped drains showed a removal efficiency of 80% during the first year of application, but this rate decreased during the second and third years of application, coinciding with a decrease in dissolved organic C and an increase in redox potential. The removal efficiency was higher and remained higher over a longer period of time when the drains were installed more deeply. The flow-through reactor with ethanol could lead to a higher removal efficiency (up to 95%) at higher hydraulic retention time (HRT, 0.1 d) than the woodchip-enveloped drains (HRT = 5 d). Passive dosing of organic substrates is simple, needs little maintenance and no energy, and can be performed independent of electricity. A denitrifying bioreactor with a controlled drainage inlet and outlet is a promising setup for optimizing N removal and minimizing side effects.

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