Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 550133
Title Effects of different land uses (abandoned farmland, intensive agriculture and forest) on soil hydrological properties in Southern Spain
Author(s) Lucas-Borja, Manuel Esteban; Zema, Demetrio Antonio; Antonio Plaza-álvarez, Pedro; Zupanc, Vesna; Baartman, Jantiene; Sagra, Javier; González-Romero, Javier; Moya, Daniel; Heras, Jorge de las
Source Water 11 (2019)3. - ISSN 2073-4441
Department(s) WIMEK
Soil Physics and Land Management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Soil hydrological conductivity - Soil physico-chemical properties - Soil water repellency - Vegetal cover - Vegetation cover

A detailed knowledge of soil water repellency (SWR) and water infiltration capacity of soils under different land uses is of fundamental importance in Mediterranean areas, since these areas are prone to soil degradation risks (e.g., erosion, runoff of polluting compounds) as a response to different hydrological processes. The present study evaluates the effects of land uses on SWR and soil hydraulic conductivity (SHC) by direct measurements at the plot scale in three areas representing (1) intensive agricultural use, (2) abandoned farmland, and (3) a forest ecosystem in Southern Spain under Mediterranean climatic conditions. The physico-chemical properties and water content of the experimental soils were also measured. Significant SWR and SHC differences were found among the analyzed land uses. Forest soils showed high SWR and low SHC, while the reverse effects (that is, low SWR and high SHC) were detected in soils subjected to intensive agriculture. Organic matter and bulk density were important soil properties influencing SWR and SHC. The study, demonstrating how land uses can have important effects on the hydrological characteristics of soils, give land managers insights into the choice of the most suitable land use planning strategies in view of facing the high runoff and erosion rates typical of the Mediterranean areas.

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Soil water repellency is caused by the creation of complex natural acids during the disintegration of natural issue. These acids are wax-like substances that structure a covering over soil particles which repulse water. A few illnesses and creepy crawly bothers likewise discharge a wax-like substance with a similar outcome as mentioned at Dissertation Help Magazine. Water has solid durable powers, (water atoms are firmly pulled in to themselves, a bead) and glue powers, ( fascination of water to different surfaces which makes the water spread out) By utilizing soil surfactants, (non ionic wetting specialists), we achieve 2 results, we lessen the surface strain of the water (the durable power) and increment the glue power with the hydrophilic mixes (water cherishing) in the wetting operator covering the dirt particles.

2019-07-17   11:51:44
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