Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 550229
Title Increasing the Selectivity for Sulfur Formation in Biological Gas Desulfurization
Author(s) Rink, Rieks De; Klok, Johannes B.M.; Heeringen, Gijs J. Van; Sorokin, Dimitry Y.; Heijne, Annemiek Ter; Zeijlmaker, Remco; Mos, Yvonne M.; Wilde, Vinnie De; Keesman, Karel J.; Buisman, Cees J.N.
Source Environmental Science and Technology 53 (2019)8. - ISSN 0013-936X - p. 4519 - 4527.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b06749
Department(s) Environmental Technology
Biological Recovery & Re-use Technology
WIMEK
Mathematical and Statistical Methods - Biometris
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Abstract

In the biotechnological desulfurization process under haloalkaline conditions, dihydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) is removed from sour gas and oxidized to elemental sulfur (S 8 ) by sulfide-oxidizing bacteria. Besides S 8 , the byproducts sulfate (SO 4 2- ) and thiosulfate (S 2 O 3 2- ) are formed, which consume caustic and form a waste stream. The aim of this study was to increase selectivity toward S 8 by a new process line-up for biological gas desulfurization, applying two bioreactors with different substrate conditions (i.e., sulfidic and microaerophilic), instead of one (i.e., microaerophilic). A 111-day continuous test, mimicking full scale operation, demonstrated that S 8 formation was 96.6% on a molar H 2 S supply basis; selectivity for SO 4 2- and S 2 O 3 2- were 1.4 and 2.0% respectively. The selectivity for S 8 formation in a control experiment with the conventional 1-bioreactor line-up was 75.6 mol %. At start-up, the new process line-up immediately achieved lower SO 4 2- and S 2 O 3 2- formations compared to the 1-bioreactor line-up. When the microbial community adapted over time, it was observed that SO 4 2- formation further decreased. In addition, chemical formation of S 2 O 3 2- was reduced due to biologically mediated removal of sulfide from the process solution in the anaerobic bioreactor. The increased selectivity for S 8 formation will result in 90% reduction in caustic consumption and waste stream formation compared to the 1-bioreactor line-up.

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