Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 550401
Title Containing urban expansion in China: the case of Nanjing
Author(s) Shao, Zinan; Bakker, Martha; Spit, Tejo; Janssen-Jansen, Lenoie; Qun, Wu
Source Journal of Environmental Planning and Management (2019). - ISSN 0964-0568
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2019.1576511
Department(s) Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning
WASS
Land Use Planning
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) centralization - land use change - Land Use Master Plan (LUMP) - urban planning - urban sprawl - urbanization
Abstract

Rapid urban expansion often has negative social, environmental, and ecological consequences. In China, urbanization rates have increased rapidly over the past decades, commensurate with economic growth. This article evaluates how Chinese urban planning was effective in containing urban expansion. To this end, we examined discrepancies between the Land Use Master Plan (LUMP) and the actual land use developments between the years 1996 and 2014, and analyzed them in relation to demographic and land-use change. Our findings reveal that the initial aim outlined in the LUMP proved, from the start, difficult to implement and that certain targets were either not met or surpassed. Remarkable is that the rates of land used for urbanization strongly exceed those of urban population growth. Explanations are sought in a combination of decentralization, marketization and globalization. We argue that urban growth management is challenged by the shift from the centrally planned system to a more market-oriented governance system, with the slowly increasing autonomy of local governments, which creates incentives for the latter to stimulate urbanization rather than to control it.

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