Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 550444
Title Characterizing Producer Organizations: The case of organic versus conventional vegetables in Uruguay
Author(s) Groot Kormelinck, Annemarie; Bijman, Jos; Trienekens, Jacques
Source Journal of Rural Studies 69 (2019). - ISSN 0743-0167 - p. 65 - 75.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.04.012
Department(s) Business Management & Organization
WASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Availibility Full text available from 2021-07-01
Keyword(s) Organic - Organizational characteristics - Producer organizations - Uruguay - Value chains - Vegetables
Abstract

Producer organizations (POs) are considered important for rural development in developing and transition countries. Scientific studies on POs mostly focus on their impact, but do not distinguish among different types. However, POs are a heterogeneous group. This paper explores the organizational characteristics that distinguish POs in the vegetables sector of Uruguay. In comparing organic and conventional vegetables chains, we have identified five types of POs and we have investigated their distinct organizational characteristics. We found, first, that POs in the organic value chain are responding to market incentives, whereas POs in the conventional value chain are responding to public incentives. Second, contrary to POs with a focus on social and political activities, POs with economic activities are small, they have a product focus, they require member investment, and they have a high formalization status. Third, POs with output-driven objectives have higher levels of horizontal and vertical coordination than POs with value-driven objectives. Our study contributes to the increasing body of literature on the internal and external conditions that explain the diversity of POs in developing and transition countries.

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