Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 550445
Title Angle estimation between plant parts for grasp optimisation in harvest robots
Author(s) Barth, Ruud; Hemming, Jochen; Henten, Eldert J. Van
Source Biosystems Engineering 183 (2019). - ISSN 1537-5110 - p. 26 - 46.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2019.04.006
Department(s) GTB Tuinbouw Technologie
GTB Teelt & Gewasfysiologie A
Farm Technology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Agriculture - Angle estimation - Computer vision - Robotics - Semantic segmentation
Abstract

For many robotic harvesting applications, position and angle between plant parts is required to optimally position the end-effector before attempting to approach, grasp and cut the product. A method for estimating the angle between plant parts, e.g. stem and fruit, is presented to support the optimisation of grasp pose for harvest robots. The hypothesis is that from colour images, this angle in the horizontal plane can be accurately derived under unmodified greenhouse conditions. It was hypothesised that the location of a fruit and stem could be inferred in the image plane from sparse semantic segmentations. The paper focussed on 4 sub-tasks for a sweet-pepper harvesting robot. Each task was evaluated under 3 conditions: laboratory, simplified greenhouse and unmodified greenhouse. The requirements for each task were based on the end-effector design that required a 25° positioning accuracy. In Task I, colour image segmentation for classes back-ground, fruit and stem plus wire was performed, meeting the requirement of an intersection-over-union > 0.58. In Task II, the stem pose was estimated from the segmentations. In Task III, centres of the fruit and stem were estimated from the output of previous tasks. Both centre estimations In Tasks II and III met the requirement of 25 pixel accuracy on average. In Task IV, the centres were used to estimate the angle between the fruit and stem, meeting the accuracy requirement of 25° for 73% of the cases. The work impacted on the harvest performance by increasing its success rate from 14% theoretically to 52% in practice under unmodified conditions.

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