|Title||Embeddedness or Over-Embeddedness? Women Entrepreneurs’ Networks and Their Influence on Business Performance|
|Author(s)||Mozumdar, Lavlu; Hagelaar, Geoffrey; Materia, Valentina C.; Omta, S.W.F.; Islam, Mohammad A.; Velde, Gerben van der|
|Source||European Journal of Development Research (2019). - ISSN 0957-8811|
Business Management & Organization
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Business performance - Network (over-)embeddedness - Socially constrained context - Women entrepreneurs|
We analyse in what ways network embeddedness may influence the business performance of women entrepreneurs working in a socially constrained context. Data were collected through a survey sent to 292 women entrepreneurs engaged in handicraft businesses in Bangladesh. Results from multiple regression models show that, next to entrepreneurial orientation, financial capital and business experience, a small network is positively related, while medium-sized and large networks are negatively related, to performance. In-depth analysis reveals that a small bonding ties network is positively, while a medium-sized bonding ties network is negatively, and a large bonding ties network is not, statistically related to performance. Based on this, we assume that the networks of many women entrepreneurs may be over-embedded, because of too extensive connections with family and friends. Apparently, the over-embeddedness proposition of Uzzi (Am Sociol Rev 61:674–698, 1996) proves to be valid for women entrepreneurs operating under socially constrained circumstances in a developing country.