|Title||Low awareness, adherence, and practice but positive attitudes regarding lifestyle recommendations among non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients|
|Author(s)||Westhoff, Ellen; Kampman, Ellen; Aben, Katja K.; Hendriks, Inge G.; Witjes, Johannes Alfred; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Vrieling, Alina|
|Source||Urology Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations 37 (2019)9. - ISSN 1078-1439 - p. 573.e1 - 573.e8.|
Nutrition and Disease
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Advice - Attitude - Awareness - Lifestyle recommendations - Non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer|
Background: A healthy lifestyle may reduce the risk of non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC)recurrence. The objective of this study was to obtain insight in whether NMIBC patients are aware of possible risk factors for (bladder)cancer, adhere to lifestyle recommendations for cancer prevention, received lifestyle advice from their physician, and what their attitudes are towards physicians giving lifestyle advice. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed NMIBC between 2014 and 2017 participating in the UroLife cohort study completed questionnaires at 6 weeks and 3 months after diagnosis about awareness of (bladder)cancer risk factors, adherence to lifestyle recommendations, reception of lifestyle advice, and attitudes towards physicians giving lifestyle advice. Results: A total of 969 NMIBC patients were included (response rate 46%). Most patients (89%)were aware that smoking is a risk factor for cancer, and knowledge of other risk factors for cancer varied between 29% (low fruit and vegetable consumption)and 67% (overweight). Adherence to cancer prevention recommendations varied between 34% (body weight)and 85% (smoking). Of the smokers, 70% reported they were advised to quit, and 36% quit smoking in the three months before or after diagnosis. Only 21% of all patients indicated they received other lifestyle advice. More than 80% of patients had a positive attitude towards receiving lifestyle advice from their physician. Conclusions: These findings show that awareness of (bladder)cancer risk factors and adherence to cancer prevention lifestyle recommendations among NMIBC patients is low and that physicians’ information provision should be improved.