|Title||Multiplex genome editing of microorganisms using CRISPR-Cas|
|Author(s)||Adiego-Pérez, Belén; Randazzo, Paola; Daran, Jean Marc; Verwaal, René; Roubos, Johannes A.; Daran-Lapujade, Pascale; Oost, John van der|
|Source||FEMS Microbiology Letters 366 (2019)8. - ISSN 0378-1097|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Cas12a - Cas9 - cell factories - CRISPR-Cas - genome editing - multiplex|
Microbial production of chemical compounds often requires highly engineered microbial cell factories. During the last years, CRISPR-Cas nucleases have been repurposed as powerful tools for genome editing. Here, we briefly review the most frequently used CRISPR-Cas tools and describe some of their applications. We describe the progress made with respect to CRISPR-based multiplex genome editing of industrial bacteria and eukaryotic microorganisms. We also review the state of the art in terms of gene expression regulation using CRISPRi and CRISPRa. Finally, we summarize the pillars for efficient multiplexed genome editing and present our view on future developments and applications of CRISPR-Cas tools for multiplex genome editing.