Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 551901
Title Steering the Self-Assembly Outcome of a Single NDI Monomer into Three Morphologically Distinct Supramolecular Assemblies, with Concomitant Change in Supramolecular Polymerization Mechanism
Author(s) Markiewicz, Grzegorz; Smulders, Maarten M.J.; Stefankiewicz, Artur R.
Source Advanced Science 6 (2019)16. - ISSN 2198-3844
Department(s) VLAG
Organic Chemistry
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) naphthalene diimides - noncovalent self-assembly - nonequilibrium assemblies - self-assembly mechanism - supramolecular polymers

Noncovalent self-assembly creates an effective route to highly sophisticated supramolecular polymers with tunable properties. However, the outcome of this assembly process is highly dependent on external conditions. In this work, a monomeric naphthalene diimide (NDI), designed to allow solubility in a wide range of solvents, can assemble into three distinct noncovalent supramolecular species depending on solvent composition and temperature. Namely, while the self-assembly in chlorinated solvents yields relatively short, hydrogen-bonded nanotubes, the reduction of solvent polarity changes the assembly outcome, yielding π–π stacking polymers, which can further bundle into a more complex aggregate. The obtained polymers differ not only in their global morphology but—more strikingly—also in the thermodynamics and kinetics of their supramolecular self-assembly, involving isodesmic or two-stage cooperative assembly with kinetic hysteresis, respectively. Ultimately, three distinct assembly states can be accessed in a single experiment.

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