Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 552179
Title Artisanal or industrial conflict minerals? Evidence from Eastern Congo
Author(s) Stoop, Nik; Verpoorten, Marijke; Windt, Peter van der
Source World Development 122 (2019). - ISSN 0305-750X - p. 660 - 674.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.06.025
Department(s) WASS
Development Economics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Africa - Artisanal mining - Conflict - Democratic Republic of Congo - Industrial mining - Natural resources
Abstract

Existing research suggests a strong link between mining and local conflict but makes no distinction between artisanal and industrial mining. We exploit variation in mineral prices and the granting of industrial mining concessions to investigate how the mode of extraction affects conflict in Eastern Congo. Rising mineral prices increase battles over artisanal mines, indicating competition between armed groups. This effect is much less pronounced for industrial mining. Moreover, the expansion of industrial mining decreases battles, suggesting that companies can secure their concessions. Such expansion does, however, trigger riots, and, when it crowds out artisanal mining, also increases violence against civilians and looting. In line with case-study evidence, these negative effects only materialize when industrial mining companies expand their activities from the research to the production phase.

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