Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 552532
Title Treatment of Severe Protein Malnutrition After Bariatric Surgery
Author(s) Kuin, Carlijn; Ouden, Floor den; Brandts, Hans; Deden, Laura; Hazebroek, Eric; Borren, Marcel van; Boer, Hans de
Source Obesity Surgery (2019). - ISSN 0960-8923
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-04035-8
Department(s) Human and Animal Physiology
Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Bariatric surgery - Hyperammonemia - Hypoalbuminemia - Nutrition - Pancreatic enzymes - Tube feeding
Abstract

Background: Severe protein malnutrition, with a serum albumin < 25 g/L, is one of the complications that may develop after bariatric surgery. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and requires timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment to prevent rapid clinical deterioration. However, evidence-based recommendations for a specific treatment approach are currently not available. The present study describes the efficacy of a newly developed treatment regimen for post-bariatric patients presenting with severe hypoalbuminemia. Methods: A single-centre, retrospective analysis of eleven post-bariatric patients presenting with severe hypoalbuminemia, treated with continuous 24 h nasal-jejunal tube feeding of a medium chain triglyceride (MCT) formulation in combination with pancreatic enzyme supplementation every 3 h. Results: Duration of tube feeding ranged from 25 to 156 days (median 64 days) and pancreatic enzyme was supplemented for 22–195 days (median 75 days). An increase in serum albumin levels of 5 g/L and 10 g/L was achieved after a median period of 20 (range 6–26 days) and 36 days (range 21–57 days), respectively. Albumin levels were > 35 g/L after a median period of 58 days (range 44–171 days). Conclusion: In this case series, a continuous 24-h nasal-jejunal MCT tube feed combined with frequent pancreatic enzyme supplementation was effective in all patients presenting with severe post-bariatric hypoalbuminemia and was not associated with adverse effects.

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