Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 552631
Title Maternal antibiotic use in sows affects microbiota and gut development in offspring
Author(s) Schokker, D.; Greeff, A. de
Department(s) Animal Breeding & Genomics
Infection Biology
Publication type Dataset
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Sus scrofa - GSE115178 - PRJNA474010
Abstract We demonstrated that a maternal antibiotic treatment can change intestinal development of the offspring piglets permanently by showing that maternal gestational antibiotic treatment affects intestinal development in offspring piglets for a period of at least seven weeks after the antibiotic treatment in the sows was finished. It was shown that immediately after birth the piglets from amoxicillin treated sows, showed upregulation of genes involved in processes related to ‘tight junctions’ and ‘immunoglobulins’. In addition, these piglets had significantly lower number of goblet cells. Together, this may lead to a gut wall that is more rapidly closed in piglets from amoxicillin treated sows, affecting the uptake of immunoglobulins and the intestinal development. Later in life, around weaning, gene expression and morphological data indicate that the crypts of piglets from amoxicillin treated sows deepen around weaning as an effect of the amoxicillin treatment which in combination with the upregulation of genes involved in cell cycle processes, ribosomal activity and protein degradation might imply that the intestinal development, the subsequent differentiation of cells or the timing of these processes was delayed by the maternal antibiotic treatment
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