Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 552695
Title Spatial distribution of soil nematodes relates to soil organic matter and life strategy
Author(s) Quist, Casper W.; Gort, Gerrit; Mooijman, Paul; Brus, Dick J.; Elsen, Sven van den; Kostenko, Olga; Vervoort, Mariette; Bakker, Jaap; Putten, W.H. van der; Helder, Johannes
Source Soil Biology and Biochemistry 136 (2019). - ISSN 0038-0717
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2019.107542
Department(s) Biosystematics
PE&RC
Mathematical and Statistical Methods - Biometris
BIOS Applied Bioinformatics
Laboratory of Nematology
EPS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Community composition - Geostatistics - Quantitative PCR - R-INLA - Stochasticity - terrestrial nematodes
Abstract

Soils are among the most biodiverse and densely inhabited environments on our planet. However, there is little understanding of spatial distribution patterns of belowground biota, and this hampers progress in understanding species interactions in belowground communities. We investigated the spatial distribution of nematodes, which are highly abundant and diverse metazoans in most soil ecosystems. To gain insight into nematode patchiness, we mapped distribution patterns in twelve apparently homogeneous agricultural fields (100 m × 100 m each) with equal representation of three soil textures (marine clay, river clay and sandy soil). Quantitative PCRs were used to measure the abundances of 48 distinct nematode taxa in ≈1200 plots. Multivariate analysis showed that within this selection of sites, soil texture more strongly affected soil nematode communities than land management. Geostatistical analysis of nematode distributions revealed both taxon-specific and field-specific patchiness. The average geostatistical range (indicating patch diameter) of 48 nematode taxa in these fields was 36 m, and related to soil organic matter. Soil organic matter content affected the spatial variance (indicating within-field variation of densities) in a life-strategy dependent manner. The r-strategists (fast-growing bacterivores and fungivores) showed a positive correlation between organic matter content and spatial variance, whereas most K-strategists (slow-growing omnivores and carnivores) showed a negative correlation. Hence, the combination of two parameters, soil organic matter content and a general life-strategy characterisation, can be used to explain the spatial distribution of nematodes at field scale.

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