Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 553424
Title In vitro prenatal developmental toxicity induced by some petroleum substances is mediated by their 3- to 7-ring PAH constituent with a potential role for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)
Author(s) Kamelia, Lenny; Haan, Laura de; Ketelslegers, Hans B.; Rietjens, Ivonne M.C.M.; Boogaard, Peter J.
Source Toxicology Letters 315 (2019). - ISSN 0378-4274 - p. 64 - 76.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2019.08.001
Department(s) Toxicology
WIMEK
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Aryl hydrocarbon receptor - Embryonic stem cell test - Petroleum substances - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - Prenatal developmental toxicity - UVCBs
Abstract

To test the hypothesis that 3–7 ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are responsible for the prenatal developmental toxicity (PDT) as observed with some petroleum substances (PS), the present study evaluates the PDT potency of DMSO-extracts of 7 heavy fuel oils (HFO), varying in their PAH content, and 1 highly refined base oil (HRBO), containing no aromatics, in the embryonic stem cell test (EST). All DMSO-extracts of HFO inhibit ES-D3 cell differentiation in a concentration-dependent manner and their potency is proportional to the amount of 3–7 ring PAHs they contain. All DMSO-extracts of HFOs also show aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated activities, as tested in the AhR-CALUX assay. Contrarily, the HRBO-extract tested negative in both assays. Co-exposure of ES-D3 cells with selected DMSO-extracts of PS and the AhR-antagonist trimethoxyflavone, successfully counteracted the PS-induced inhibition of ES-D3 cell differentiation, confirming the role of the AhR in mediating the observed PDT of PS extracts in the EST. A good correlation exists when comparing the in-vitro with the in-vivo PDT potencies of the PS under study. Altogether, our findings corroborate the hypothesis that PS-induced PDT is caused by 3–7 ring PAHs present in these substances and that the observed PDT is partially AhR-mediated.

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