Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 553479
Title Role and management of soil biodiversity for food security and nutrition; where do we stand?
Author(s) Mujtar, V. El; Muñoz, N.; Prack Mc Cormick, B.; Pulleman, M.; Tittonell, P.
Source Global Food Security 20 (2019). - ISSN 2211-9124 - p. 132 - 144.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2019.01.007
Department(s) PE&RC
Soil Biology
Farming Systems Ecology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Agriculture - Ecosystem services - Soil biota - Soil fauna - Soil food webs - Soil microorganisms
Abstract

Soils host diverse communities that support and regulate ecosystem functions, thereby affecting plant production and resource use efficiencies. There is increasing evidence that agricultural intensification affects soil biodiversity (SBD) and such changes may impact on current and future food security. Here, we provide an overview of the state-of-the-art on the relations between agricultural management, SBD and food production. The potential of applying such knowledge to improve food security and nutrition is discussed. Biotechnological methods to describe impacts of agricultural practices on taxonomic and functional diversity of soil organisms are advancing rapidly. At the same time new understanding of soil-plant interactions has provided novel insights into the mechanisms by which soil organisms and plants co-regulate plant growth and defences, or affect food nutritional quality and safety. Yet, empirical studies on SBD – plant productivity relations often lead to results and applications that are crop and context specific. Translating knowledge on SBD into universally applicable soil management recommendations to enhance food production, and ultimately food security, remains challenging. Instead, we propose a holistic approach to SBD management that strengthens multiple ecosystem functions and provides ecological insurance.

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