Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 553579
Title A review on the removal of conditioning chemicals from cooling tower water in constructed wetlands
Author(s) Wagner, Thomas V.; Parsons, John R.; Rijnaarts, Huub H.M.; Voogt, Pim de; Langenhoff, Alette A.M.
Source Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 48 (2018)19-21. - ISSN 1064-3389 - p. 1094 - 1125.
Department(s) Environmental Technology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) conditioning chemicals - constructed wetlands - Cooling tower blowdown - desalination

Large volumes of freshwater are used globally for cooling towers. The reuse of discharged cooling tower water in cooling towers itself could mitigate freshwater scarcity problems. Prior to its reuse, the cooling tower blowdown has to be desalinated. However, physicochemical desalination techniques are hampered by conditioning chemicals (CC) that are added to the cooling tower water circuit to prevent corrosion, mineral scaling, and biofouling and can damage physicochemical desalination equipment. The potential of constructed wetlands (CWs) for the cost-effective removal of these CC prior to desalination is discussed in this review. The characteristics of CWs that determine their suitability for the removal of CC from cooling tower blowdown are elucidated, such as multiple removal pathways working simultaneously. In addition, specific challenges for the design of a constructed wetland for cooling tower blowdown treatment are reviewed, such as configuration options, the toxicity of CC, and the formation and removal of harmful byproducts.

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