|Title||DELAY OF GERMINATION 1-LIKE 4 acts as an inducer of seed reserve accumulation|
|Author(s)||Sall, Khadidiatou; Dekkers, Bas J.W.; Nonogaki, Mariko; Katsuragawa, Yoshihiko; Koyari, Ryosuke; Hendrix, David; Willems, Leo A.J.; Bentsink, Leónie; Nonogaki, Hiroyuki|
|Source||The Plant Journal 100 (2019)1. - ISSN 0960-7412 - p. 7 - 19.|
Laboratory of Plant Physiology
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||abscisic acid - dormancy - hormone - seed development - seed maturation - storage proteins|
More than 70% of global food supply depends on seeds. The major seed reserves, such as proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides, are produced during seed maturation. Here, we report that DELAY OF GERMINATION 1-LIKE 4 (DOGL4) is a major inducer of reserve accumulation during seed maturation. The DOGL family proteins are plant-specific proteins of largely unknown biochemical function. DOGL4 shares only limited homology in amino acid sequence with DOG1, a major regulator of seed dormancy. DOGL4 was identified as one of the outstanding abscisic acid (ABA)-induced genes in our RNA sequencing analysis, whereas DOG1 was not induced by ABA. Induction of DOGL4 caused the expression of 70 seed maturation-specific genes, even in germinating seeds, including the major seed reserves ALBUMIN, CRUCIFERIN and OLEOSIN. Although DOG1 affects the expression of many seed maturation genes, the major seed reserve genes induced by DOGL4 are not altered by the dog1 mutation. Furthermore, the reduced dormancy and longevity phenotypes observed in the dog1 seeds were not observed in the dogl4 mutants, suggesting that these two genes have limited functional overlap. Taken together, these results suggest that DOGL4 is a central factor mediating reserve accumulation in seeds, and that the two DOG1 family proteins have diverged over the course of evolution into independent regulators of seed maturation, but retain some overlapping function.