Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 555575
Title How to measure, report and verify soil carbon change to realize the potential of soil carbon sequestration for atmospheric greenhouse gas removal
Author(s) Smith, Pete; Soussana, Jean Francois; Angers, Denis; Schipper, Louis; Chenu, Claire; Rasse, Daniel P.; Batjes, Niels H.; Egmond, Fenny van; McNeill, Stephen; Kuhnert, Matthias; Arias-Navarro, Cristina; Olesen, Jorgen E.; Chirinda, Ngonidzashe; Fornara, Dario; Wollenberg, Eva; Álvaro-Fuentes, Jorge; Sanz-Cobena, Alberto; Klumpp, Katja
Source Global Change Biology 26 (2020)1. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 219 - 241.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14815
Department(s) ISRIC - World Soil Information
Soil, Water and Land Use
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Keyword(s) measurement - monitoring - MRV - reporting - soil organic carbon - soil organic matter - verification
Abstract

There is growing international interest in better managing soils to increase soil organic carbon (SOC) content to contribute to climate change mitigation, to enhance resilience to climate change and to underpin food security, through initiatives such as international ‘4p1000’ initiative and the FAO's Global assessment of SOC sequestration potential (GSOCseq) programme. Since SOC content of soils cannot be easily measured, a key barrier to implementing programmes to increase SOC at large scale, is the need for credible and reliable measurement/monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) platforms, both for national reporting and for emissions trading. Without such platforms, investments could be considered risky. In this paper, we review methods and challenges of measuring SOC change directly in soils, before examining some recent novel developments that show promise for quantifying SOC. We describe how repeat soil surveys are used to estimate changes in SOC over time, and how long-term experiments and space-for-time substitution sites can serve as sources of knowledge and can be used to test models, and as potential benchmark sites in global frameworks to estimate SOC change. We briefly consider models that can be used to simulate and project change in SOC and examine the MRV platforms for SOC change already in use in various countries/regions. In the final section, we bring together the various components described in this review, to describe a new vision for a global framework for MRV of SOC change, to support national and international initiatives seeking to effect change in the way we manage our soils.

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