Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 559410
Title Phylogenomics changes our understanding about earwig evolution
Author(s) Wipfler, Daniel; Koehler, Ward; Frandsen, Paul B.; Donath, Alexander; Liu, Shanlin; Machida, Ryuichiro; Misof, Bernhard; Peters, Ralph S.; Shimizu, Shota; Zhou, Xin; Simon, S.
Source Systematic Entomology (2020). - ISSN 0307-6970
DOI https://doi.org/101111/syen.12420
Department(s) Experimental Zoology
Laboratory of Cell Biology
EPS
Biosystematics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Abstract Earwigs are one of the comparatively species‐poor insect orders. Although various aspects of the phylogeny of this lineage are poorly understood, before the present study, there was a general consensus that Dermaptera comprises two major lineages: the paraphyletic Protodermaptera or ‘lower earwigs’ and the monophyletic Epidermaptera or ‘higher earwigs’, which are nested within the former. Our phylogenomic study based on the analysis of 3247 nuclear single‐copy genes reverses these relationships by placing monophyletic Protodermaptera within paraphyletic Epidermaptera. This phylogenetic reversal among the major earwig lineages is not contradicted by morphological arguments but results in far‐reaching reinterpretations of the dermapteran ground plan. Within Dermaptera, Apachyidae form the sister group to the remaining earwigs which might imply that social behaviour is not part of the earwig ground plan. Our results corroborate the monophyly of Eudermaptera within Epidermaptera and the paraphyly of several traditional families. The monophyly of Protodermaptera is supported by molecular and morphological evidence, although the exact position of Karschiellidae which were not included in the molecular dataset cannot be determined.
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