Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 560305
Title Modulation of IL-6 production and IL-1 activity by keratinocyte-fibroblast interaction
Author(s) Boxman, Ingeborg; Löwik, Clemens; Aarden, Lucien; Ponec, Maria
Source Journal of Investigative Dermatology 101 (1993)3. - ISSN 0022-202X - p. 316 - 324.
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1993
Keyword(s) interleukin-6/interleukin-1/normal human keratinocytes/squamous carcinoma cells/fibroblast co-cultures

The present study was undertaken to investigate whether modulation of interleukin-6 and interleukin-1 production occurs owing to keratinocyte-fibroblast interaction. Normal human keratinocytes or squamous carcinoma cells were cultured either alone or in the presence of human foreskin fibroblasts or murine 3T3 cells. All cells tested produced interleukin-6, and interleukin-6 levels were markedly increased when normal or malignant keratinocytes were co-cultured with fibroblasts. The bioassay (species independent) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (specific for human interleukin-6) together with use of complementary DNA probes specific for human or murine interleukin-6 revealed that fibroblasts are responsible for increased interleukin-6 levels. Moreover, interleukin-6 levels were increased when fibroblasts were cultured in conditioned media derived from normal human keratinocytes and squamous carcinoma cells-4 cultures. Interleukin-1α secreted by normal human keratinocytes and squamous carcinoma cells-4 cells was mainly responsible for the increased interleukin-6 production in fibroblasts. Although interleukin-1 activity increased linearly with the incubation time in squamous carcinoma cells-4 mono-cultures, interleukin-1 activity was low and remained unchanged in squamous carcinoma cells-4/3T3 co-cultures. Low interleukin-1 activity was most probably not due to inhibition of interleukin-1α production in squamous carcinoma cells-4/3T3 co-cultures because interleukin-lα messenger RNA expression in squamous carcinoma cells-4 cells remained unchanged in the presence of 3T3 cells. Furthermore, when 3T3 cells were incubated in conditioned medium derived from squamous carcinoma cells-4 cells, high interleukin-1 activity decreased to an undetectable level, suggesting that fibroblasts are involved in the suppression of interleukin-1 activity. The remaining interleukin-1 activity, however, was sufficient for maximal induction of interleukin-6 production in fibroblasts. These results suggest that the interaction between epithelial and mesenchymal cells is at least partly initiated by interleukin-lα secreted by the activated epithelial cell during skin injury or tumor invasion. Interleukin-1 in turn can induce modulation of the synthesis of various pro-inflammatory mediators and proteases in surrounding fibroblasts. An enhanced proteolytic activity and/or a possible induced production of an interleukin-1 inhibitor in fibroblasts and/or a receptor-mediated interleukin-1 consumption by fibroblasts will cause a decrease in interleukin-1 activity and thus exert a negative feedback.

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