Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 560653
Title Dextrose equivalence of maltodextrins determines particle morphology development during single sessile droplet drying
Author(s) Siemons, I.; Politiek, R.G.A.; Boom, R.M.; Sman, R.G.M. van der; Schutyser, M.A.I.
Source Food Research International 131 (2020). - ISSN 0963-9969
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.108988
Department(s) Food Process Engineering
VLAG
Food Technology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Keyword(s) Glass transition - Maltodextrins - Morphology - Rheology - Single droplet drying
Abstract

Particle morphology development during spray drying is critical to powder properties. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the dextrose equivalence (DE) of maltodextrins can be used as an indicator for the final particle morphology. Maltodextrins were characterized on glass transition temperature (Tg) and viscosity, where low DE-value maltodextrins exhibited higher Tg and viscosity than high DE maltodextrins (≥21). A new custom-built sessile single droplet dryer was used to analyse morphology development of minute maltodextrin droplets (R0 ~ 100 μm) at 60 °C and 90 °C. Droplets with low DE showed early skin formation (2–5 s) and developed smoothly shaped particles with large cavities. Rheology on low DE maltodextrin films at dry matter of 82% (w/w) suggested that drying droplets acquired elasticity after locking providing resistance against surface compression. After locking morphology development is probably halted as the glassy state is approached. On the contrary, rheology on high DE maltodextrin (≥21) films at dry matter of 93% (w/w) suggested that drying droplets with high DE developed viscous skins, which are susceptible to surface deformations, leading to wrinkling, folding or creasing particle morphologies. The results demonstrated that DE-value may be used as an indicator for particle morphology development when interpreted in view of the process conditions.

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