Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 560860
Title Combining In Vitro Data and Physiologically Based Kinetic Modeling Facilitates Reverse Dosimetry to Define In Vivo Dose–Response Curves for Bixin- and Crocetin-Induced Activation of PPARγ in Humans
Author(s) Suparmi, Suparmi; Haan, Laura de; Spenkelink, Albertus; Louisse, Jochem; Beekmann, Karsten; Rietjens, Ivonne M.C.M.
Source Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 64 (2020)2. - ISSN 1613-4125
Department(s) Toxicology
BU Toxicology, Novel Foods & Agrochains
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Keyword(s) bixin - crocetin - peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ - physiologically based kinetic modeling - reverse dosimetry

Scope: It is investigated whether at realistic dietary intake bixin and crocetin could induce peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ)-mediated gene expression in humans using a combined in vitro–in silico approach. Methods and results: Concentration–response curves obtained from in vitro PPARγ-reporter gene assays are converted to in vivo dose–response curves using physiologically based kinetic modeling-facilitated reverse dosimetry, from which the benchmark dose levels resulting in a 50% effect above background level (BMD50) are predicted and subsequently compared to dietary exposure levels. Bixin and crocetin activated PPARγ-mediated gene transcription in a concentration-dependent manner with similar potencies. Due to differences in kinetics, the predicted BMD50 values for in vivo PPARγ activation are about 30-fold different, amounting to 115 and 3505 mg kg bw−1 for crocetin and bixin, respectively. Human dietary and/or supplemental estimated daily intakes may reach these BMD50 values for crocetin but not for bixin, pointing at better possibilities for in vivo PPARγ activation by crocetin. Conclusion: Based on a combined in vitro–in silico approach, it is estimated whether at realistic dietary intakes plasma concentrations of bixin and crocetin are likely to reach concentrations that activate PPARγ-mediated gene expression, without the need for a human intervention study.

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