|Title||Development and validation of the acculturative stress scale for Pakistani Muslim students|
|Author(s)||Bashir, Asma; Khalid, Ruhi|
|Source||Cogent Psychology 7 (2020)1. - ISSN 2331-1908|
|Department(s)||Education and Learning Sciences|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||academic stressors - acculturative stress - cultural stressors - discrimination - financial stressors - Pakistani - religious stressors|
The current study aimed to develop a culturally competent scale to examine the unique stressors encountered by Muslim Pakistani students during their stay abroad. A pool of 31-item was subjected to Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA) which yielded the final 24 items scale resulted in six distinct domains of stressors, academic (six items), general living and finance (four items), perceived discrimination (three items), cultural and religious (four items), local & environmental (four items), language barrier (three items). The Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Scale was developed and validated for Pakistani students and can be used as a diagnostic tool by campus counselors and mental health practitioners.