|Title||The effect of dietary protein source (fishmeal vs. plant protein) and non-starch polysaccharide level on fat digestibility and faecal bile acid loss in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)|
|Author(s)||Staessen, Thomas W.O.; Verdegem, Marc C.J.; Koletsi, Paraskevi; Schrama, Johan W.|
|Source||Aquaculture Research 51 (2019)3. - ISSN 1355-557X - p. 1170 - 1181.|
Aquaculture and Fisheries
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||bile acids - cholesterol - fat digestibility - non-starch polysaccharides - Oncorhynchus mykiss - taurine|
This study investigated in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) if diet composition and feeding level affect faecal bile acid loss, and whether this reflects on the apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of fat. Six diets were formulated with either fishmeal or plant protein as main protein source. This created a contrast in the supply of bile acids, the bile acid precursor cholesterol, taurine and the taurine precursors (methionine + cysteine) involved in bile acid conjugation. For both protein sources, three diets were formulated with increasing inclusion of a non-starch polysaccharide (NSP)-rich ingredient mixture (0.0, 82.0 and 164.2 g/kg diet). This aimed at enhancing faecal bile acid loss. Fish were fed both restrictively (1.2% BW/day) and to satiation. A similar fat ADC was found when substituting fishmeal with a plant protein mixture, suggesting that the lower content of bile acids, cholesterol, taurine, methionine and cysteine in the plant-based diets did not limit fat digestion. Faecal bile acid loss increased alongside dietary NSP level, however, only during satiation feeding and most strongly for fish fed the fishmeal-based diets. Enhanced faecal bile acid loss was not caused by NSP-bile acid binding/entrapment, but by an increase in faeces production. During satiation feeding, fat ADC negatively correlated with faecal bile acid loss. From this it is concluded that bile acid availability/synthesis can become limiting for fat digestion in rainbow trout under conditions that enhance faecal bile acid loss (i.e. dietary NSP level and feeding level).