|Title||Analyzing subcellular reorganization during early Arabidopsis embryogenesis using fluorescent markers|
|Author(s)||Liao, Che Yang; Weijers, Dolf|
|Source||In: Plant Embryogenesis / Bayer, M., New York : Humana Press Inc. (Methods in Molecular Biology ) - ISBN 9781071603413 - p. 49 - 61.|
|Publication type||Peer reviewed book chapter|
|Keyword(s)||Arabidopsis thaliana - Confocal microscopy - Embryogenesis - Fluorescent protein - Subcellular structure|
Virtually all growth, developmental, physiological, and defense responses in plants are accompanied by reorganization of subcellular structures to enable altered cellular growth, differentiation or function. Visualizing cellular reorganization is therefore critical to understand plant biology at the cellular scale. Fluorescently labeled markers for organelles, or for cellular components are widely used in combination with confocal microscopy to visualize cellular reorganization. Early during plant embryogenesis, the precursors for all major tissues of the seedling are established, and in Arabidopsis, this entails a set of nearly invariant switches in cell division orientation and directional cell expansion. Given that these cellular reorganization events are genetically regulated and coupled to formative events in plant development, they offer a good model to understand the genetic control of cellular reorganization in plant development. Until recently, it has been challenging to visualize subcellular structures in the early Arabidopsis embryo for two reasons: embryos are deeply embedded in seed coat and fruit, and in addition, no dedicated fluorescent markers, expressed in the embryo, were available. We recently established both an imaging approach and a set of markers for the early Arabidopsis embryo. Here, we describe a detailed protocol to use these new tools in imaging cellular reorganization.