|Title||Scaffolding argumentation competence: The shift from first to second order skill acquisition|
|Author(s)||Noroozi, Omid; Kirschner, Paul A.; Biemans, Harm J.A.; Mulder, Martin|
|Event||11th International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Learning and Becoming in Practice, ICLS 2014, Boulder, 2014-06-23/2014-06-27|
Education and Learning Sciences
|Publication type||Contribution in proceedings|
This conceptual article argues that the focus of research on argument-scaffolds should shift from first-order towards second-order scaffolding. If learners acquire argumentation skills and learn to self-direct argumentation activities, they also engage in epistemic discussions with partners that help them acquire knowledge, correct false viewpoints and refine misunderstanding. This article presents a 3-step guideline for secondorder argument-scaffolding, namely (1) diagnosis of internal argumentative script, (2) adaptive external support, and (3) adaptive fading of external support.