Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561193
Title Lignocellulose-Based Chemical Products
Author(s) Jong, Ed de; Gosselink, Richard J.A.
Source In: Bioenergy Research Elsevier Inc. Academic Press - ISBN 9780444595614 - p. 277 - 313.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-59561-4.00017-6
Department(s) VLAG
BBP Biorefinery & Sustainable Value Chains
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) Acid hydrolysis - Aromatic compounds - Cellulose - Furfural - Galactose - Glucose - Hemicellulose - HMF - Hydrothermal - Ionic liquids, Lignocellulose - Lignin - Mannose - Pretreatment - Steam explosion - Supercritical - Xylose
Abstract

The use of plant biomass as starting material is one of the alternatives to reduce the dependency on fossil oil for transportation fuels and is the main alternative to replace petrochemicals. The biomass can be transformed into energy, transportation fuels, various chemical compounds and materials such as natural fibers by biochemical, chemical, physical and thermal processes. The fermentation and the chemical conversion of carbohydrates into value-added compounds has received increasing interest in the last decade, and in a biorefinery different advantages may be taken from both processes. However, the potential competition with food and feed applications and the consequent rise in feedstock prices is an important aspect to take into consideration. Therefore the use of lignocellulosic feedstocks (often referred to as second-generation feedstocks) is strongly advocated. In addition to carbohydrates also substantial amounts of lignin is produced when using lignocellulosic feedstocks. In this chapter the composition of lignocellulosic biomass is discussed followed by an overview of the most important pretreatment and fractionation technologies. Especially the effect of the different technologies on the subsequent fermentative/chemocatalytic conversions is addressed. The importance is illustrated by an overview of the most important commercial as well as anticipated chemical building blocks from carbohydrates and lignin with a special emphasis on the production of furan-based building blocks from carbohydrates and aromatic building blocks originating from lignin.

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