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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561206
Title Redistribution of water use and benefits among hydropower affected communities in Lao PDR
Author(s) Kura, Yumiko; Joffre, Olivier; Laplante, Benoit; Sengvilaykham, Bounthong
Source Water Resources and Rural Development 4 (2014)C. - ISSN 2212-6082 - p. 67 - 84.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wrr.2014.09.001
Department(s) Aquaculture and Fisheries
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) Ecosystem - Hydropower - Livelihoods - Resettlement - Water benefit - Water use
Abstract

In this paper, we assess how resettlement and changes in water access have altered livelihoods of local communities upstream of the Theun Hinboun Expansion Project in Lao PDR. Based on household surveys conducted both before and after resettlement, we estimate changes in water use and benefits among households of 4 resettled villages. Results show that access to domestic water supply as well as water consumption have significantly improved after resettlement, while river-based livelihoods have for the most part been adversely impacted by the conversion of the Nam Gnouang River into a hydropower dam reservoir, and subsequent loss of riverbank gardens and the overall change in the ecosystem. In particular, the sources of income have become concentrated to much fewer options than before resettlement, with some households more specialized in fisheries than others. Our results represent a transitional state of economic activities by rural communities immediately after resettlement, rather than a fully evolved livelihood portfolio in a new environment. The results also suggest that a better understanding of changes in water use and benefits and of the determinants of adaptation is needed to better design appropriate interventions for rebuilding local livelihoods.

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