Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561282
Title Sensory measurement of dynamic flavour intensity in ice cream with different fat levels and flavourings
Author(s) Frøst, Michael Bom; Heymann, Hildegarde; Bredie, Wender L.P.; Dijksterhuis, Garmt B.; Martens, Magni
Source Food Quality and Preference 16 (2005)4. - ISSN 0950-3293 - p. 305 - 314.
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2005
Keyword(s) Dynamic flavour perception - Ice cream - Physicochemical properties - Time-intensity

Flavour compounds vary in physicochemical properties and therefore behave differently in foods with different fat content. The objective was to investigate differences in dynamic flavour intensity in a realistic food system and relate them to two relevant molecular descriptors for flavour compounds. Ice creams with different fat levels (3%, 6% and 12% milk fat) and flavouring (β-ionone (berry), δ-nonalactone (coconut), isopentyl acetate (banana), vanillin (vanilla)) were examined. Approximately iso-intense concentrations (in 12% fat) were selected. Samples were analysed with time-intensity methodology, evaluating perceived melt rate and flavour intensity (trained panel N=12, 3 replicates). Data were analysed by ANOVA, principal component analysis (PCA) and ANOVA partial least squares regression (APLSR). Analyses of data showed faster perceived melt rates and faster increases and decreases in dynamic flavour perception with lower fat levels. Individual flavour compounds were not affected similarly by changes in fat level. Increase and decrease rates of dynamic flavour perception were related to boiling points and hydrophobicity of the flavour compounds. Isopentyl acetate with the lowest boiling point had the fastest increase rate and the slowest decrease rate in intensity. Vanillin with the lowest hydrophobicity index (logP) had the fastest decrease rate. δ-nonalactone and β-ionone with high boiling points and high logP had similar increase rates as vanillin, but had a slower decrease rate in flavour intensity.

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