|Title||Temporal aspects related to the perception of skatole and androstenone, the major boar odour compounds|
|Author(s)||Kock, H.L. De; Heinze, P.H.; Potgieter, C.M.; Dijksterhuis, G.B.; Minnaar, A.|
|Source||Meat Science 57 (2001)1. - ISSN 0309-1740 - p. 61 - 70.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Androstenone - Odour perception - Sensory analysis - Skatole - Temporal|
Pork fat samples from 50 boars slaughtered at a commercial abattoir were analysed for skatole and androstenone concentrations and grouped within a 3×3 matrix representing low, medium and high levels of the odour compounds. A 10 member sensory panel, screened and trained to recognise and quantify skatole and androstenone odour intensities, was used to verify the human perception of boar odour in these pork fat samples immediately after heating (±65°C) and following a cooling period of ten minutes (±25°C). Principal component analysis revealed that the sensory panel differentiated the pork fat samples first and foremost on the basis of the presence or absence of androstenone and/or skatole odours and secondly on the character of the androstenone or skatole odour. Evidence of adaptation towards the odour of skatole was shown by a decreased sensitivity over replicates. Sensory perception of boar odour seems to have a temporal character which can be explained by differences in volatilisation (involving both odourant release and retention) of skatole and androstenone, odour synergism and possibly differences in the properties of the fat matrix of different samples. The results suggest that factors influencing volatilisation of skatole and androstenone should also be considered when predicting sensory responses of boar odour.