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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561474
Title Changing epidemiology of invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection: a nationwide population- based registry study
Author(s) Mughini-Gras, L.; Pijnacker, Roan; Heck, M.; Wit, Ben; Veldman, K.T.; Franz, E.
Source Clinical Microbiology and Infection (2019). - ISSN 1198-743X
Department(s) Bacteriology & Epidemiology
Publication type Article in professional journal
Publication year 2019
Abstract Objectives: Non-typhoid Salmonella (NTS) may invade beyond the intestine, causing bacteraemia, sepsis, and infection of normally sterile sites. The epidemiology of invasive NTS (iNTS) infection is under-researched. We determined trends, risk factors, serotype distribution, antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and attributable sources of iNTS infection in a high-income setting. Methods: 22,837 records of culture-confirmed human salmonellosis cases and 10,008 serotyped Salmonella isolates from five putative animal reservoirs (pigs, cattle, broilers, layers, reptiles) in the Netherlands during 2005-2018 were retrieved from national surveillance registries. Risk factors for iNTS infection were identified using logistic regression analysis. Source attribution modelling was based on serotyping, prevalence, and exposure data. Results: The average annual percentage of iNTS infections was 4.6% (range: 3.5-5.7%). An increase in iNTS infections was observed since 2012 (Odds Ratio [OR]: 1.09, 95% Confidence Interval [95%CI]: 1.04-1.14). Increased iNTS infection risk was associated with wintertime (OR: 1.37, 95%CI: 1.12-1.66), male sex (OR: 1.73, 95%CI: 1.51-1.99), older age (ORs: 3.27 to 16.33, depending on age groups), and living in rural areas (OR: 1.54, 95%CI: 1.23-1.93). While 52% of iNTS infections (n=950) were caused by serotypes Enteritidis and Typhimurium, those displaying the highest invasiveness relative to their occurrence were Dublin (32.9%, n=163), Panama (21.6%, n=106), and Poona (14.1%, n=71). Cattle were a larger source of iNTS than non-iNTS infections (12.2% vs. 7.6%). Lower AMR and multi-resistance rates were observed among iNTS (37.9%) than non-iNTS isolates (48.6%). Conclusions: The increase in iNTS infections, which is reported also in other countries, is of public health and clinical concern. The underlying reasons seem to be multi-factorial in nature. iNTS infection risk depends more on the infecting serotypes and patient demographics, and less on the attributable reservoirs and AMR profiles.
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