Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561667
Title Drivers of groundwater utilization in water-limited rice production systems in Nepal
Author(s) Urfels, Anton; McDonald, Andrew J.; Krupnik, Timothy J.; Oel, Pieter R. van
Source Water International 45 (2020)1. - ISSN 0250-8060 - p. 39 - 59.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/02508060.2019.1708172
Department(s) WASS
Water Resources Management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Keyword(s) decision processes - Eastern Gangetic Plains - Groundwater irrigation - Nepal - resilience - smallholders
Abstract

Most rice farmers in Nepal’s Terai region do not fully utilize irrigation during breaks in monsoon rainfall. This leads to yield losses despite abundant groundwater resources and ongoing expansion of diesel pumps and tubewell infrastructure. We investigate this puzzle by characterizing delay factors governing tubewell irrigation across wealth and precipitation gradients. After the decision to irrigate, different factors delay irrigation by roughly one week. While more sustainable and inexpensive energy for pumping may eventually catalyze transformative change, we identify near-term interventions that may increase rice farmers’ resilience to water stress in smallholder-dominated farming communities based on prevailing types of irrigation infrastructure.

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