|Title||Cobalt@Silica Core-Shell Catalysts for Hydrogenation of CO/CO2 Mixtures to Methane|
|Author(s)||Ilsemann, Jan; Straß-Eifert, Angela; Friedland, Jens; Kiewidt, Lars; Thöming, Jorg; Bäumer, Marcus; Güttel, Robert|
|Source||ChemCatChem 11 (2019)19. - ISSN 1867-3880 - p. 4884 - 4893.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||CO methanation - Core-shell catalysts - Heterogeneous catalysis - Nanostructures|
COx hydrogenation reactions for hydrocarbon synthesis, such as methane, are becoming more and more important in terms of the energy transition. The formation of the byproduct water leads to a hydrothermal environment, which necessitates stable catalyst materials under harsh reaction conditions. Therefore, novel nanostructured core-shell catalysts are part of scientific discussion, since these materials offer an exceptional resistance against thermal sintering. Here we report on a core-shell catalyst - Co@mSiO2 - for the hydrogenation of CO/CO2 mixtures towards methane. CO methanation experiments reveal a rapid temperature-depended deactivation for temperatures above 350 °C caused by coking and possible blocking of the pores. In comparison to a Co/mSiO2 reference catalyst with the same Co particle size a significantly higher methane selectivity was found for CO2 hydrogenation, which we attribute to the confinement effect of the core-shell structure and therefore a higher probability of CO readsorption. Finally, the simultaneous CO/CO2 co-methanation experiments show a high flexibility of the catalyst materials on different gas feed compositions.