Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561775
Title The dynamics of light adaptation in cat horizontal cell responses
Author(s) Lankheet, M.J.M.; Wezel, R.J.A. Van; Prickaerts, J.H.H.J.; De Grind, W.A. Van
Source Vision Research 33 (1993)9. - ISSN 0042-6989 - p. 1153 - 1171.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(93)90205-B
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1993
Keyword(s) Light adaptation dynamics Horizontal cell Retina Cat
Abstract

In order to model the dynamic properties of light adaptation processes in cat horizontal (H-) cells, the time course of the gain adjustment following changes in the mean illumination level was studied. H-cell responses were recorded intracellularly in the optically intact, in vivo, eye of the cat. The light stimulus consisted of two spots, a large background spot (8.8 deg diameter) and a concentrically arranged smaller test spot (3.9 deg). The background was either square wave or sine wave modulated in intensity at a frequency of 0.2-1 Hz. The instantaneous value of the response gain was measured with brief flashes (10 msec) of the test spot, generated repetitively at a frequency of 5 or 10 Hz. Modulation of the background intensity, at a constrast of 0.6 and in the photopic range, effectively induces a modulation of the gain. The readjustment of the gain by a stepwise increase or decrease in background illumination is completed within about 200 msec. The amplitude of the gain modulation due to a 0.5 Hz background flicker is quantitatively comparable to that measured between steady illumination levels. Dynamic changes of the gain at low frequency stimuli therefore, have to be taken into account in modelling H-cell responses. For sinusoidal modulations of the background luminance the time course of gain adjustment is quantified by the phase shift of the gain modulation relative to background intensity modulation. The results, together with those described in two preceding papers, are used to test and discuss several light adaptation models that have been proposed previously. It was found that light adaptation in cat H-cells is described more adequately by a de Vries-Rose type of adaptation model than by a Weber type of light adaptation.

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