Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561778
Title Effects of background illumination on cat horizontal cell responses
Author(s) Lankheet, M.J.M.; Wezel, R.J.A. van; Grind, W.A. van de
Source Vision Research 31 (1991)6. - ISSN 0042-6989 - p. 919 - 932.
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1991
Keyword(s) Cat retina - Horizontal cells - Light adaptation

The process of light adaptation in cat horizontal cells was studied by means of intracellular recordings in the optically intact, in situ eye. Response vs intensity profiles were measured using increment- as well as decrement-flashes of "white light" on steady backgrounds. The effects of background illumination in the mesopic and photopic range on both purely rod-driven horizontal cells and mixed rod and cone input horizontal cells were investigated. Increasing the background illumination for mixed-input horizontal cells strongly reduced the contribution from the rod system. The rod aftereffect in the responses to high intensity flashes is totally suppressed at higher background levels. Light adaptation resulted in a sustained hyperpolarization without a substantial effect on the total response range of the response vs intensity curve. At higher background intensities more of the response range is made up of depolarizing responses to decrements of light. Increasing the background illumination also shifted the operating curve to higher intensities. Increment threshold functions, measured with a 3.9 deg diameter test spot on a large background (8.8 deg diameter) showed a linear relation between log threshold intensity and log background intensity with a slope of, on average, 0.64. The response vs intensity curve for the rod horizontal cell typically spanned a narrower intensity range and was displaced toward lower intensities as compared to that for the mixed input horizontal cells. Background illumination greatly reduced the total response range for rod horizontal cells. Increment threshold curves for rod horizontal cells clearly indicated loss in sensitivity due to response compression.

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