Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561913
Title Mechanisms of arsenate removal and membrane fouling in ferric based coprecipitation–low pressure membrane filtration systems
Author(s) Ahmad, Arslan; Rutten, Sam; Waal, Luuk de; Vollaard, Peter; Genuchten, Case van; Bruning, Harry; Cornelissen, Emile; Wal, Albert van der
Source Separation and Purification Technology 241 (2020). - ISSN 1383-5866
Department(s) Environmental Technology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Keyword(s) Arsenic removal - Coprecipitation - Groundwater treatment - Iron chloride - Microfiltration - Ultrafiltration

Ferric based coprecipitation–low pressure membrane filtration is a promising arsenic (As) removal method, however, membrane fouling mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study we investigated the effect of feed water composition and membrane pore size on arsenate [As(V)] removal and membrane fouling. We observed that As removal efficiency was independent of the membrane pore size because the size of the Fe(III) particles was larger than the pore size of the membranes, attributed to a high calcium concentration in the feed water. Arsenic coprecipitation with Fe(III) (oxyhydr)oxides rapidly reached equilibrium before membrane filtration, within 1 min. Therefore, As removal efficiency was not improved by increasing residence time before membrane filtration. The removal of As(V) was strongly dependent on feed water composition. A higher Fe(III) dose was required to reduce As(V) to sub-µg/L levels for feed water containing higher concentration of oxyanions such as phosphate and silicate, and lower concentration of cations such as calcium. Cake-layer formation was observed to be the predominant membrane fouling mechanism.

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