Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 561988
Title The pentose phosphate pathway of cellulolytic clostridia relies on 6-phosphofructokinase instead of transaldolase
Author(s) Koendjbiharie, Jeroen G.; Hon, Shuen; Pabst, Martin; Hooftman, Robert; Stevenson, David M.; Cui, Jingxuan; Amador-Noguez, Daniel; Lynd, Lee R.; Olson, Daniel G.; Kranenburg, Richard van
Source Journal of Biological Chemistry 295 (2020)7. - ISSN 0021-9258 - p. 1867 - 1878.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA119.011239
Department(s) BacGen
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Abstract

The genomes of most cellulolytic clostridia do not contain genes annotated as transaldolase. Therefore, for assimilating pentose sugars or for generating C5 precursors (such as ribose) during growth on other (non-C5) substrates, they must possess a pathway that connects pentose metabolism with the rest of metabolism. Here we provide evidence that for this connection cellulolytic clostridia rely on the sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphate (SBP) pathway, using pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructokinase (PPi-PFK) instead of transaldolase. In this reversible pathway, PFK converts sedoheptulose 7-phosphate (S7P) to SBP, after which fructose-bisphosphate aldolase cleaves SBP into dihydroxyacetone phosphate and erythrose 4-phosphate. We show that PPi-PFKs of Clostridium thermosuccinogenes and Clostridium thermocellum indeed can convert S7P to SBP, and have similar affinities for S7P and the canonical substrate fructose 6-phosphate (F6P). By contrast, (ATP-dependent) PfkA of Escherichia coli, which does rely on transaldolase, had a very poor affinity for S7P. This indicates that the PPi-PFK of cellulolytic clostridia has evolved the use of S7P. We further show that C. thermosuccinogenes contains a significant SBP pool, an unusual metabolite that is elevated during growth on xylose, demonstrating its relevance for pentose assimilation. Last, we demonstrate that a second PFK of C. thermosuccinogenes that operates with ATP and GTP exhibits unusual kinetics toward F6P, as it appears to have an extremely high degree of cooperative binding, resulting in a virtual on/off switch for substrate concentrations near its K1/2 value. In summary, our results confirm the existence of an SBP pathway for pentose assimilation in cellulolytic clostridia.

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