National competences to enforce EU food law are heavily regulated through the Official Controls Regulation. Information on food safety issues is shared among competent authorities through the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF). National performance is supervised by Directorate-F of DG SANTE; EU supervision though indirect enforcement by nature may directly affect businesses as is shown in the Bowland case. Also RASFF alerts that are traceable to individual businesses may heavily affect these businesses. The EU holds direct enforcement competences with regard to third countries and in case of emergencies including failing enforcement at Member State level. Due to the interlinkedness of competences, judicial accountability regarding RASFF alerts and Directorate-F supervision is lacking both at national level and at EU level. Also political accountability seems to fall short both at national and at EU level.
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