|Title||Peasantry in the Twenty-First Century|
|Author(s)||Ploeg, Jan Douwe van der|
|Source||In: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences / Wright, J.D., Elsevier Inc. Academic Press - ISBN 9780080970868 - p. 664 - 668.|
|Publication type||Peer reviewed book chapter|
|Keyword(s)||Agroecology - Food sovereignty - Labor migration - Low external input agriculture - Multifunctionality - Multiple job holding - Peasant agriculture - Pluriactivity - Repeasantization - Resistance - Rural livelihoods - Transnational agrarian movements|
The deregulation of markets and the increasingly interlinked global markets make it very difficult for small farmers to survive. Thus, small primary agricultural producers must search for new ways to continue farming and earn a reasonable income. In many places, this has triggered a process of repeasantization that is reversing the once seemingly inevitable processes of modernization and urbanization. This article argues that this process occurs through six mechanisms that together have a strong impact on the nature and dynamics of the process of agricultural development.