|Title||Improving the assessment and reporting on rare and endangered species through species distribution models|
|Author(s)||Sousa-Silva, Rita; Alves, Paulo; Honrado, João; Lomba, Angela|
|Source||Global Ecology and Conservation 2 (2014). - ISSN 2351-9894 - p. 226 - 237.|
|Department(s)||Biodiversity and Policy|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Conservation - Habitats directive - Monitoring - Predictive modeling - Range Tool - Suitable habitat|
Species distribution models (SDMs) are increasingly used to understand rare and endangered species distributions, as well as the environmental pressures affecting them. Detailed knowledge of their distribution is critical for reporting its conservation status, and SDMs are potential tools to provide the relevant information to conservation practitioners. In this study, we modeled the distribution of Veronica micrantha, a vulnerable plant whose conservation status has to be periodically assessed under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. The objective was to highlight the potential of SDMs for the assessment of threatened species within the periodical report on their conservation status. We used a spatially explicit modeling approach, which predicts species distributions by spatially combining two SDMs: one fitted with climate data alone and the other fitted solely with landscape variables. A comparison between the modeled distribution and the range obtained by classical methods (minimum convex polygon and Range Tool) is also presented. Our results show that while data-based approaches only consider the species known distribution, model-based methods allow a more complete evaluation of species distributions and their dynamics, as well as of the underlying pressures. This will ultimately improve the accuracy and usefulness of assessments in the context of EU reporting obligations.