Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 562723
Title Microbiota changes and immune-modulation by feed in zebrafish
Author(s) Lopez Nadal, Adria; Lute, C.; Sipkema, D.; Peggs, David; McGurk, Charles; Wiegertjes, G.; Brugman, S.
Source In: WIAS Annual Conference 2020. - WIAS - p. 26 - 26.
Event WIAS Annual Conference 2020, Lunteren, 2020-02-13/2020-02-14
Department(s) Cell Biology and Immunology
Aquaculture and Fisheries
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2020
Abstract As the demand of fish proteins in diets steadily increases worldwide, a more experimentally feasible in vivo fish model to test novel and more sustainable (both economically and environmentally) diets is required. Zebrafish are small cyprinids extensively used as a model in molecular biology with vast potential to elucidate the role of feed in modulating the microbiota and fish health. The general assumption is that feed additives can alter the fish gut microbiota which, in turn, interacts with the host immune system. Zebrafish have been used to study host-microbe-immune interactions because of their optical transparency in larval stages which allows for in vivo imaging of specific (immune) cell populations in whole transgenic organisms. We aim to set up a screening toolbox to assess whether novel feeds are capable to reduce previously established gut inflammation or protect from disease. In our previous study we described how upon exposure of an anti-nutritional factor (soy saponin) zebrafish larvae presented with an increased number of neutrophils recruited to the gut area. These changes were accompanied by an increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines expression (il1b, tnfa2, mmp9, il22). Furthermore, saponin exposure changed the microbiota by increasing the relative abundance of Burkholderiaceae, Comamonadaceae, Cytophagaceae, Nocardioidaceae among others at the expense of Entereobacteriaceae (López Nadal, et al. 2018). In our new study, we incorporated saponin into dry feed and investigated whether, as in larvae, juvenile fish also develop intestinal inflammation upon exposure. If so, this saponin model can be used as a challenge model to test novel diets for their potential to prevent or treat inflammation. In this presentation I will present the latest (promising) results of this feeding trial using juvenile zebrafish
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