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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 562744
Title Atlantic cod and whiting differ in occurrence of electrical-pulse induced injuries
Author(s) Boute, P.G.; Rijnsdorp, A.D.; Leeuwen, J.L. van; Lankheet, M.J.M.
Source In: Wias Annual Conference 2020 WIAS - p. 42 - 42.
Department(s) Experimental Zoology
Onderz. Form. D.
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2020
Abstract Conventional beam trawling for common sole (Solea solea) uses tickler chains to chase the flatfish from the sediment. The alternative is pulse trawling, where electrical pulses are used as stimulus. Electrical pulse trawling exposes both target fish and non-target fishes to high electric field strengths between electrodes that are dragged over the sea floor. The pulsed electric field elicits muscle cramps that may lead to spinal injuries and haemorrhages. So far, injuries have primarily been found in the non-target gadoid species Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus). Hence, Gadidae are thought to be sensitive to muscle-cramp induced injuries. Multiple laboratory and field experiments confirms u sceptibility to electrical-pulse induced injuries in Atlantic cod. For whiting, however,few data from field studies are available, and laboratory experiments are lacking because whiting does not adapt well to captive conditions. To assess whether findings for Atlantic cod also extend to whiting, we present occurrences of injuries in an extensive random sampling of aforementioned gadoid species on board commercial vessels. Because injuries could also be inflicted mechanically by e.g. gear components, debris in the netting, and handling on deck, we compare injuries for pulse gear with electrical pulses turned on andoff, and the tickler-chain gear. To visualise spinal injuries, fish were X-rayed, followed by dissection to reveal internal haemorrhages. Both spinal injury and haemorrhage position were quantified on the antero posterior axis of the animals. By analysing specimens from these different catch methods, we pinpointed whether potential internal injuries could be attributedto the electrical stimulus and to what extent internal injuries are caused using the conventional fishing method. In contrast to whiting, Atlantic cod showed the highest injury occurrence in pulse-on catches.
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