Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 563251
Title Wild rodents and insectivores as carriers of pathogenic Leptospira and Toxoplasma gondii in The Netherlands
Author(s) Krijger, Inge M.; Ahmed, Ahmed A.A.; Goris, Maria G.A.; Cornelissen, Jan B.W.J.; Groot Koerkamp, Peter W.G.; Meerburg, Bastiaan G.
Source Veterinary Medicine and Science 6 (2020)3. - ISSN 2053-1095 - p. 623 - 630.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/vms3.255
Department(s) Farm Technology
Livestock & Environment
Infection Biology
WIMEK
PE&RC
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2020
Keyword(s) leptospirosis - mice - pathogen–host relationship - rats - reservoir - zoonoses
Abstract

Small mammals such as rodents can to carry zoonotic pathogens. Currently, there is impaired knowledge on zoonotic pathogens in rodents and insectivores in the Netherlands. This limits opportunities for preventive measures and complicates risk-assessments for zoonotic transmission to humans. Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii are present on a list of prioritized emerging pathogens in the Netherlands and were therefore the focus of this study. Both pathogens have the ability to survive under moist environmental conditions. In total, a group of 379 small mammals (rodents & insectivores) were tested on pathogenic Leptospira spp., and 312 on T. gondii. Rodents and insectivores were trapped at various sites, but mostly on pig and dairy farms throughout the country. Over five percent of the animals (5.3%, n = 379) tested positive for Leptospira DNA, and five of the animals (1.6%, n = 312) tested were positive for T. gondii DNA. The animals positive for T.gondii were all brown rats and the ones for Leptospira spp. were various species. Our results show that insectivores and rodents might be used as an indicator for the environmental contamination and/or the contamination in wildlife for Leptospira spp.

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