Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 566349
Title European long-term field experiments : knowledge gained about alternative management practices
Author(s) Sandén, T.; Spiegel, H.; Stüger, H.P.; Schlatter, N.; Haslmayr, H.P.; Zavattaro, L.; Grignani, C.; Bechini, L.; D′Hose, T.; Molendijk, L.; Pecio, A.; Jarosz, Z.; Guzmán, G.; Vanderlinden, K.; Giráldez, J.V.; Mallast, J.; Berge, H. ten
Source Soil Use and Management 34 (2018)2. - ISSN 0266-0032 - p. 167 - 176.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12421
Department(s) OT Team Schimmels Onkr. en Plagen
Agro Field Technology Innovations
Agrosystems Research
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) alternative management practices - Europe - Long-term experiment - productivity - soil quality
Abstract

Alternative management practices such as no-tillage compared to conventional tillage are expected to recover or increase soil quality and productivity, even though all of these aspects are rarely studied together. Long-term field experiments (LTEs) enable analysis of alternative management practices over time. This study investigated a total of 251 European LTEs in which alternative management practices such as crop rotation, catch crops, cover crops/green manure, no-tillage, non-inversion tillage and organic fertilization were applied. Response ratios of indicators for soil quality, climate change and productivity between alternative and reference management practices were derived from a total of 260 publications. Both positive and negative effects of alternative management practices on the different indicators were shown and, as expected, no alternative management practice could comply with all objectives simultaneously. Productivity was hampered by non-inversion tillage, FYM amendments and incorporation of crop residues. SOC contents were increased significantly following organic fertilizers and non-inversion tillage. GHG emissions were increased by slurry application and incorporation of crop residues. Our study showed that alternative management practices beneficial to one group of indicators (e.g. organic fertilizers for biological soil quality indicators) are not necessarily beneficial to other indicators (e.g. increase of crop yields). We conclude that LTEs are valuable for finding ways forward in protecting European soils as well as finding evidence-based alternative management practices for the future; however, experiments should focus more on biological soil quality indicators as well as GHG emissions to enable better evaluation of trade-offs and mutual benefits of management practices.

Comments
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.